Logo: EffizienzCluster - LogistikRuhr

Cyber Physical Systems in Logistics

The immense significance of logistics for the German economy is undisputed today, particularly in the light of constantly increasing tendencies towards internationalization and the increasingly complex structures within production, markets and competition. Logistics has developed from being purely about transportation to now play a performance-defining role in global value added networks. In this context, the internet of things and cyber physical systems for logistics are of fundamental importance towards achieving the efficiency required of logistics within global value added networks, in particular with respect to individual order processing, and towards fulfilling key supply and waste disposal tasks for households, retail and production sites.

CPS and the 4th Industrial Revolution

Cyber physical systems form the basis for the fourth industrial revolution: informational components (cyber) and mechanical or electronic and sensory components (physical) merge with each other to form an intelligent system, a cyber physical sytem, in short a CPS. CPSs are more than an individual sensor application or an individual intelligent assistance system that helps people to perform specific activities (an embedded system). They stand for the networking of efficient intelligent embedded systems, mobile services and worldwide data sources to form complex entire systems. CPSs use the internet as a business web, i.e. as a platform for business co-operations – with the objective of generating added value by means of new applications, new services and co-operations at the complex systems level. Cyber physical systems see the internet of things really taking shape. Connecting the virtual world of data with the physical world of goods requires an increasing merging of logis tics and ICT competencies and the integration of ICT competencies in logistics.

Cyber-Physical Systems - acatech Position Paper
Scientific Paper_Cyber Physical Systems in Logistics
New opportunities for logistics through cyber physical systems
  • Knowledge and Innovation Community

EIT ICT Labs provides a unique European ecosystem in the field of ICT. The Mission of EIT ICT Labs is to drive European leadership in ICT innovation for economic growth and quality of life.

General Overview: http://www.eitictlabs.eu/

Focus on CPS: http://www.eitictlabs.eu/innovation-areas/cyber-physical-systems/


  • EU-Commission, DG CONNECT

The topic Cyber Physical Systems is part of the Directorate General CONNECT at the EU Commission. The goal of the unit is to reinforce and expand Europe's leading industrial position in embedded systems and their further development into cyber-physical systems.



  • CPS in Horizon2020

"The Framework Programme for Research and Innovation H2020 (Regulation (EU) No 1291/2013) identifies Cyber Physical Systems as a topic under Challenge 1 and Internet of Things under Challenge 3 in the area "ICT" of the pillar "Leadership in enabling and industrial technologies" of Horizon 2020."

DG CONNECT: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/connect/en/content/cyber-physical-systems-european-ri-strategy

Call H2020-ICT-2014-1: http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/portal/desktop/en/opportunities/h2020/calls/h2020-ict-2014-1.html

Call H2020-ICT-2014-2: http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/portal/desktop/en/opportunities/h2020/calls/h2020-ict-2014-2.html


  • "ICT 2020" - Research for Innovation

"The Federal Government's High-Tech Strategy 2020 puts ICT among the key enabling technologies that will play a decisive role for the future viability of the German economy." An overview of the point of view of the Federal Ministery of Education and research:



  • Fraunhofer Embedded Systems Alliance

Fraunhofer established an own Research Alliance focussing on the subject Embedded Systems.

"Embedded systems are a central ingredient of technical products, e.g., in transportation, medical technology, or automationtechnology. Usually they are also interconnected and increasingly open (e.g., towards the Internet). Embedded systems can be found in control devices, in networks of control devices, in networks of control devices in a system (such as an airplane), and in systems, including integration into a system’s operating environment. The latter are also called “Cyber-Physical Systems”



  • Cellular Transport Systems

Cellular Transport Systems is an research project of Fraunhofer IML and associated at EffizienzCluster. It is just one example how CPS are breaking the rules of traditional boarders.
"»If things know where to go, they can go there straight away.« With this simple but evolutionary sentence you can understand the idea of Cellular Facility Logistics as the logical consequence of the »Internet of Things«. The decentralized control of material flow and logistics systems is the essential characteristic of this new concept."


  • New opportunities for logistics through cyber physical systems

Viewpoint of Thorsten Hülsmann, CEO EffizienzCluster Management GmbH


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