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Green Logistics

The limited receptiveness of our ecosystems, the shortage of raw materials and the resulting cost pressure from it, as well as, varying political and social basic conditions lead to a fundamental change of our economic processes. Businesses must increase the resource efficiency of their products and design more sustainable and eco-friendly systems and processes, in order to be competitive in the long term.

»The transport and logistics sector with a share of 23% of the CO2 emissions worldwide, bears a special responsibility in the fight against climate change – 35% of it are alone caused by goods transportation« (IPCC).

Ecology as another target figure in logistics

Optimization of logistics systems is not a new area of operation; it has already in many ways been active for decades. However, former optimization approaches focus on the field of economy, so that ecological aspects, if at all, play only a rather subordinate role. The objective though must be to entrench ecology as another, namely coequal, target figure.

Green Logistics Method: Brief extraction of the detailed documentation
Green Logistics - Comparability of the Environmental Effects of Logistics Services

• IWA 16:2015: International harmonized method(s) for a coherent quantification of CO2e emissions of freight transport


IWA 16:2015 provides a gap analysis identifying starting points and recommending further specification and possible alignment on mode specific and intermodal levels, including transhipment centres and warehouses. Consideration needs to be given to the practicality of the methods and the intended use of the outputs to the potential user groups, particularly providers of freight transport and logistic services as well as their customers.


• The Global Logistics Emissions Council (GLEC)


The Global Logistics Emmisions Council creates one universal and transparent way of calculating logistics emissions across the global multi-modal supply chain. Here is an overview:


• EU-Commission, Sustainable Transport


„Promoting the development of harmonised carbon footprinting measures for both freight and passenger transport services in Europe” is the topic of the stakeholder´s consultation. Carbon footprinting is a method to generate data about the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of transport operations on an aggregated level of a company. Many initiatives, both at the EU and global level, have been deployed for identifying carbon footprints of transport services.


• Springer book: Efficiency and Logistics


The chapter “Green Logistics: Optimisation Approaches for Resource-Efficient Logistics Services” deals with the practicability and potential of environmentally-friendly logistics services. This paper provides a detailed description of the approaches, “Pollutant emission tracking for transports” and “Resource-efficient logistics real estate”, and an explanation of the respective procedures and initial results.


• Springer book: Efficiency and Logistics


In the “Green Logistics” project, a standardised, comprehensive and usage-related method for the ecological assessment of logistics processes and systems is being developed, i.e., a method that integrates the segments of logistics real estate and business premises, intralogistics and transport. More information can be found in the chapter: “Green Logistics: Comparability of the Environmental Effects of Logistics Services”

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